BARASH, EPHRAIM (1892–1943), head of the Judenrat in Bialystok. Barash, who was born in Volkovysk (then Russian Poland), was active from his youth in communal life, in Jewish self-defense, and the Zionist movement. During World War I he was a refugee in Russia. After the war he formed the municipal council of Volkovysk where he became president of the Jewish Trade Bank, a member of the community council, chairman of the local Zionist organization, and honorary chairman of He-Ḥalutz. In 1934 he settled in Bialystok and became general manager of the Jewish community council. When the Germans captured the town at the end of June 1941, Barash was appointed vice chairman of the Judenrat of which he was the guiding spirit. He represented a continuity of leadership of the Council. He organized ghetto life, established industrial enterprises, and, although well aware of German plans concerning the Jews, believed that the Jews would be spared if they could be employed in work essential to the German war effort, a view shared by Mordecai Chaim Rumkowski in Lodz. Unlike some other Judenrat leaders, including Rumkowski, Barash actively collaborated with the local Jewish fighting organization (led by mordecai tenenbaum ), and helped it financially and by providing material for manufacturing arms. Relations, however, broke off before the ghetto uprising in Bialystok. He was in personal contact with some of the Germans, and believed that they would give him ample warning of their intention to destroy – what the Nazis termed liquidate – the ghetto, at which time he intended to join the partisans. The Uprising commenced after the large deportations began on August 16, 1943. It took five days to suppress. The ghetto was destroyed on August 21–27, 1943, with the deportation of 25,000 Jews to Treblinka. For a short period of time Barash and his wife along with other Judenrat members and several hundred Jews were put in a small ghetto and from there they were sent to the Majdanek death camp, where he was killed. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Einhorn (ed.), Volkovyzker Yisker-Bukh, 2 vols. (1949); N. Blumental, Darko shel Yudenrat (1962). I. Trunk, Judenrat (1972). (Nachman Blumental)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HEBREW LITERATURE, MODERN — definition and scope beginnings periodization …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BIALYSTOK — (Rus. Belostok), industrial city in N.E. Poland; latterly one of the principal Russian/Polish Jewish centers; incorporated into Russia between 1807 and 1921 and administered by the U.S.S.R. between 1939 and 1941, reverting to Poland in 1945.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • List of Hebrew language authors — List of Hebrew language authors:A*Yossi Abolafia *Dorit Abusch *Shimon Adaf *Suzane Adam *Tamar Adar *Uri Adelman *Malka Adler *Meir Agassi *Shmuel Yosef Agnon (winner of the Nobel prize for literature in 1966) *Leah Aini *Miriam Akavia *Gila… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste D'écrivains Israéliens — Liste d écrivains en langue hébraïque Liste d écrivains en langue hébraïque : Sommaire 1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste d'écrivains en langue hébraïque — Sommaire 1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Écrivains israéliens — Liste d écrivains en langue hébraïque Liste d écrivains en langue hébraïque : Sommaire 1 A 2 B 3 C 4 D 5 E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CULTURAL LIFE — Introduction The movement for the return to Zion which emerged as a force at the end of the 19th century was based on a variety of motivations, including the political – the demand for an independent homeland where the Jews could forge their own… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HÉBRAÏQUES (LANGUE ET LITTÉRATURE) — L’hébreu appartient au groupe des langues sémitiques du Nord Ouest, dont il constitue, avec le phénicien et le moabite, le rameau cananéen. L’hébreu, aujourd’hui langue nationale d’Israël, représente, en effet, la forme évoluée de l’idiome qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • HISTORICAL SURVEY: THE STATE AND ITS ANTECEDENTS (1880–2006) — Introduction It took the new Jewish nation about 70 years to emerge as the State of Israel. The immediate stimulus that initiated the modern return to Zion was the disappointment, in the last quarter of the 19th century, of the expectation that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.